Ethanol is a primary alcohol that is ethane in which one of the hydrogens is substituted by a hydroxy group. It is a primary alcohol, an alkyl alcohol, a volatile organic compound and a member of ethanols. It is a conjugate acid of an ethoxide.It mixes easily with water.
Ethanol appears as a clear colorless liquid with a characteristic vinous odor and pungent taste. Vapors are heavier than air.
It is also known as grain alcohol, Ethanol is present in emissions from plants, fires, volcanoes, animal wastes, insects and natural fermentation of sugars.
It has a role as an antiseptic drug, a polar solvent, a neurotoxin, a central nervous system depressant, a teratogenic agent, a NMDA receptor antagonist, a protein kinase C agonist, a disinfectant.Ethanol is an important commercial chemical.